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J Weld Join > Volume 32(5); 2014 > Article
Journal of Welding and Joining 2014;32(5):462-473.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5781/JWJ.2014.32.5.32    Published online October 30, 2014.
A Study of the Effect of Magnetic Fields Using Welding Process
Hong Seok Cho*, Ik Keun Park**, Wooram Lee**
Correspondence:  Wooram Lee,
Email: wooramlee@seoultech.ac.kr
Abstract
Welding and joining technology has become a core field. Therefore it is more widely applied to nonferrous metals, inorganic and polymeric materials. That is because the high performance, high function and diversification trend of materials used as industrial technology develops. In the laser welding process, STS 304 and SCP1-S were used as the base materials, the output density was fixed 7 ㎿/cm2, the protective gas was argon(Ar) and the transfer rate was fixed 5 mm/sec. and it was progressed while the magnetic field is gradually increasing by 100 mT ranging 0 to 400 mT. The tensile test showed in average about 6 % tensile strength improvement in the case of the laser welding process using the magnetic fields. In the shielded metal arc welding process using SPHC only or the combination of SPHC+STS304 as base materials. The electric current was set at 80 Amperes and the protective gas used argon(Ar) the same as the laser welding process and the strength of magnetic fields. In the shielded metal arc welding process using the magnetic fields, the tensile tests showed about 5 % tensile strength improvement in the case of using SPHC only, 3 % tensile strength improvement in the case of using the combination of SPHC+STS304. In comparing the results of numerical analysis to the results of experimental tests, it was revealed that the temperature, thermal stress distribution and the behavior of molten pool were similar to those of real tests. Consequently, it may be considered that the numerical assumption and the analytical model used in this study were reasonable.
Key Words: Laser welding process, Shielded metal arc welding, Magnetic fields, Stress distribution, Molten pool


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