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Journal of KWJS 2008;26(5):60-65.
Published online November 12, 2008.
A Study on the High Temperature Tensile Characterisitics of Lap Weld of 15Cr Ferritic Stainless Steels
Young-Gi Lee, Gyeong-Cheol Lee, Jae-Seong Kim, Do-Seok Han, Seung-Taek Oh, Bo-Young Lee
Abstract
  Ferritic stainless steels of the 400 series have been available for automotive exhaust system, heat exchanger, radiater etc. in various industrial because heat resistance, corrosion resistance and strength are excellent. Especially, automotive exhaust system is required good heat resistance because typical temperature of exhaust system exposed during operation of engine is reach up to 800℃. However, research for effect of high temperature in ferritic stainless steels is not enough. In this study, high temperature tensile properties of lap weld of ferritic stainless steels(STS 429) were investigated. In accordance with heat input, lap welds had been produced and were evaluated at high temperature(800℃) to compare high temperature tensile properties. In addition, room temperature tensile tests were carried out for non-aging and aging specimens. As a result of R.T tensile test, non-aging specimens were fractured in base metal except for low heat input specimen and aging specimens were fractured in weld metal. Also high temperature tensile test were carried out by aging specimen. After high temperature tensile test, fracture of aged specimen was occurred in base metal except for low heat input specimen. Fracture surface of low heat input specimen in weld metal was confirmed as brittle fracture with observation using scanning electron microscope(SEM). Significant decrease in ultimate tensile strength (between 82 and 85%) was observed for aged ferritic stainless steels(STS 429) when tested at high temperature.
Key Words: High temperature tensile characterisitics, Ferritic stainless steels, STS 429, Automotive exhaust manifold, Heat resistance, Grain growth


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