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JWJ > Volume 33(1); 2015 > Article
Journal of Welding and Joining 2015 February;33(1) :35-40.
Published online February 28, 2015.
doi:https://doi.org/10.5781/JWJ.2015.33.1.35
Design for avoid unstable fracture in shipbuilding and offshore plant structure
Gyubaek An*, Hong-Yeol Bae*, Byung-Doo Noh*, Young-Ho An*, Jong-Kyo Choi*, Wanchuck Woo**, Jeong-Ung Park***
*Technical Research Laboratories, POSCO, Pohang 790-300, Korea
**KAERI, Neutron Science Division, Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353, Korea
***Dept. of Civil Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Korea
Correspondence: Gyubaek An  Email: gyubaekan@posco.com
  Published online February 28, 2015
ABSTRACT
Recently, there have been the increase of ship size and the development of oil and gas in arctic region. These trends have led to the requirements such as high strength, good toughness at low temperature and good weldability for prevent of brittle fracture at service temperature. There has been the key issue of crack arrestability in large size structure such as container ship. In this report for the first time, crack arrest toughness of thick steel plate welds was evaluated by large scale ESSO test for estimate of brittle crack arrestability in thick steel plate. For large structures using thick steel plates, fracture toughness of welded joint is an important factor to obtain structural integrity. In general, there are two kinds of design concepts based on fracture toughness: crack initiation and crack arrest. So far, when steel structures such as buildings, bridges and ships were manufactured using thick steel plates (max. 80~100mm in thickness), they had to be designed in order to avoid crack initiation, especially in welded joint. However, crack arrest design has been considered as a second line of defense and applied to limited industries like pipelines and nuclear power plants. Although welded joint is the weakest part to brittle fracture, there are few results to investigate crack arrest toughness of welded joint. In this study, brittle crack arrest designs were developed for hatch side coaming of large container ships using arrest weld, hole, and insert technology.
Keywords: Crack arrest toughness | thick steel plate | EGW joint | ESSO test | Brittle crack arrestability
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