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Journal of KWJS 2007;25(5):71-77.
Published online January 28, 2008.
펄스형 Nd:YAG 레이저와 단락이행모드의 직류 GMA 열원을 이용한 하이브리드 용접 공정에 대한 연구
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A Study on the Process of Hybrid Welding Using Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser and Dip-transfer DC GMA Heat Sources
Won-Ik Cho, Suck-Joo Na
Abstract
  Until now, many researches on laser-arc hybrid welding processes have been conducted mainly for high power CW laser and high direct current arc to weld the thick steel plates for shipbuilding. Recently, however the usage of thin steel plates, which tend to be deformed easily by thermal energy, is been increasing because of demand of light structure such as car body in the automobile industry. Accordingly, heat sources having relatively low heat input such as pulsed laser, dip-transfer DC GMA and pulsed GMA seem to be applied more increasingly and the study about those heat sources is needed more intensively. Any heat source mentioned above can not stand alone without weld defects at a relatively high welding speed for increasing the welding productivity. This is main reason to apply the hybrid welding process which uses pulsed laser and low-heat-input GMA heat sources simultaneously to weld the thin steel plate. In this study, parameters of pulsed laser and dip-transfer DC GMA welding are studied firstly through preliminary experiments, and then analyzed in the viewpoint of their physical phenomena. Before conducting the hybrid welding, a pulse control technique is developed based on the parallel port communication and Visual C++ 6.0. Owing to development of this technique, interactions of laser and arc pulses can be controlled consistently. Using the pulse control technique, the hybrid welding is conducted and then its interactive welding phenomenon is analyzed.
Key Words: Hybrid welding, Pulsed Nd:YAG laser, Dip-transferred GMA


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