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J Weld Join > Volume 30(1); 2012 > Article
Journal of KWJS 2012;30(1):64-71.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5781/KWJS.2012.30.1.64    Published online October 11, 2012.
Effects of Microstructures on the Toughness of High Heat Input EG Welded Joint of EH36-TM Steel
Abstract
The characteristics of high heat input (342kJ/cm) EG (Electro Gas Arc) welded joint of EH36-TM steel has been investigated. The weld metal microstructure consisted of fine acicular ferrite (AF), a little volume of polygonal ferrite (PF) and grain boundary ferrite (GBF). Charpy impact test results of the weld metal and heat affected zone (HAZ) met the requirement of classification rule (Min. 34J at -20 ℃). In order to evaluate the relationship between the impact toughness property and the grain size of HAZ, the austenite grain size of HAZ was measured. The prior austenite grain size in Fusion line (F.L+0.1 mm) was about 350 ㎛. The grain size in F.L+1.5 mm was measured to be less than 30 ㎛ and this region was identified as being included in FGHAZ(Fine Grain HAZ). It is seen that as the austenite grain size decreases, the size of GBF, FSP (Ferrite Side Plate) become smaller and the impact toughness of HAZ increases. Therefore, the CGHAZ was considered to be area up to 1.3mm away from the fusion line.
Results
of TEM replica analysis for a welded joint implied that very small size (0.8~1.2㎛) oxygen inclusions played a role of forming fine acicular ferrite in the weld metal. A large amount of (Ti, Mn, Al)xOy oxygen inclusions dispersed, and oxides density was measured to be 4,600-5,300 (ea/mm2). During the welding thermal cycle, the area near a fusion line was reheated to temperature exceeding 1400℃. However, the nitrides and carbides were not completely dissolved near the fusion line because of rapid heating and cooling rate. Instead, they might grow during the cooling process. TiC precipitates of about 50 ~ 100nm size dispersed near the fusion line.
Key Words: EH36-TM steel, High heat input, EGW, Grain boundary ferrite, Acicular ferrite, Polygonal ferrite, Prior Austenite Grain Size, Oxygen inclusions


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