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Journal of KWJS 2010;28(1):34-40.
Published online March 10, 2010.
Joining Ability and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Lap Welded A5052-H112 Alloy
Young-Bong Ko, Jun-Woong Choi, Kyeung-Chae Park
  In Friction Stir Lap Welding(FSLW), the movement of material within the weld was more important than the microstructure, due to the interface present between the sheets. Thus, The soundness of free defect, Effective Sheet Thickness(EST) and width of joint were most important factor of mechanical properties.
  Specimens by lap joint types that were "A-type" and "R-type" were made in this study. A-type tensile specimen was loaded at advancing side and R-type tensile specimen was loaded at retreating side. Macro-, micro-structural observation and mechanical properties of FSLW A5052-H112 alloy ware investigated under varying rotating and welding speed. The results were as follows:
  Material hook formed decreasing after sharply increasing was appeared at the end interface of joint area in advanced side, and material hook formed decreasing after smoothly increasing was observed at that in retreated side. Tensile load had no relation with defects. As rotating speed was higher, tensile strength was increasing and EST was decreasing regardless of joint types. joint efficiency was over 70%. In a result of fractography, fracture in A-type was partially occurred by dimple in SZ, and fracture in R-type was generally occurred by dimple in HAZ.
Key Words: FSLW(Friction Stir Lap Welding), Joint type, Material hook, EST(Effective Sheet Thickness), Soundness

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