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JWJ > Volume 27(6); 2009 > Article
Journal of KWJS 2009 December;27(6) :17-24.
Published online January 13, 2010.
Microstructures of Friction Stir Lap Weld in A5052-H112 Alloy
Young-Bong Ko, Joong-Hun Lee, Kyeung-Chae Park


Correspondence:   Published online January 13, 2010
ABSTRACT
  The Friction Stir Welding(FSW) has mainly been used for making butt joints in Al alloys. Development of Friction Stir Lap Welding(FSLW) would expand the number of applications. Microstructure of FSLW in A5052-H112 alloy was investigated under varying rotation and welding speed.
  As the rotation speed was increased and the welding speed was decreased, a amount of heat was increased. As a result, bead interval was narrower, bead width are larger, and experimental bead interval was almost similar to theoretical bead interval.
  Typical microstructures of FSLW A5052-H112 alloy consist of three zones, including Stir Zone(SZ), Thermo-Mechanically Affected Zone(TMAZ) and Heat Affected Zone(HAZ). As a amount of heat was increased, average grain size was larger in three zones. Nevertheless, the aspect ratio was almost fixed for FSLW conditions.
  The misorientation of SZ, HAZ and TMAZ was examined. A large number of low angle grain boundaries, which were formed by severe plastic deformation, were showed in TMAZ as comparison with SZ and HAZ.
  Microhardness distribution was high in order of BM, SZ, TMAZ, and HAZ. The Micro-hardness distribution in HAZ, TMAZ of upper plate were lager than lower plate.
  Relationship between average grain size and microhardness was almost corresponded to Hall-Petch equation.
Keywords: FSLW;A5052-H112;EBSD;Grain size;Aspect ratio;Misorientation;Hall-Petch equation
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